Nippon Pronunciation     Last updated on 2017/2561 12 3, a full moon day;

Brief Introduction: the following table's contents are based on a few language books, and New York Japan Society's Japanese language learning classes; Pronunciations have been compiled as same as possible, by a family member; Hiragana characters, and Katakana characters are written differently, however pronunciation is the same; In addition, 2000+ Kanji characters, prescribed for daily Nippon usage;

Also see: Burmese Romanization; Chinese Romanization;

Approx. 228+ characters available to read; 

... Myanmar

Nippon  HIRAGANA

Myanmar Nippon  KATAKANA
a     a  
i     i   
u   u  
e     e  
o   o  

 

i , in handwriting, strokes might be similar to ri , therefore, be careful WHEN write;

a    =   a

, pronounce similar to i     ; i    ;
i = i

i    =   i

 

In common, strokes' writing directions are from left to right, and from top to down, ... ;

In handwriting, Hiragana u , similar to Katakana ra , therefore, pronounce accordance with WHICH form;
e , in English, it sounds like @  
o + noun, honorific form + noun; also see: o
 
   ka  

ka  
ki   ki  
ku   ku 
ke   ke  
ko   ko  
ka , ka IFF end of sentence, it becomes a question ?

 

ki    =   ki

ki    =   ki  
3 strokes ki is common; above 4 strokes ki is uncommon; Therefore, when practicing writing characters, practice 3 strokes ki only;

 

 

In handwriting, Hiragana ko , similar to Katakana ni , therefore, pronounce accordance with WHICH form;
ko    =   ko  

ga   ga  
gi   gi  
gu   gu  
ge   ge  
go   go  
gi    =   gi  
gu    =   gu
go    =   go

 

sa     sa  
shi   shi  
su   su  
se   se  
so   so  

sa    =   sa    =  

 
2 strokes sa is common; above 3 strokes sa is uncommon; Therefore, when practicing writing characters, practice 2 stokes sa only;

  shi  , exceptional stroke direction

In handwriting, Hiragana shi , similar to Katakana re , therefore, pronounce accordance with WHICH form;

 

IFF incorrect stroke direction, so   might be similar to  n   , in handwriting;
se    =   se

so    =   so    =   so

when practicing writing characters, practice 1 stroke so only;
 

za   za  
ji   ji  
zu   zu  
ze   ze  
zo   zo  

za      =   za

 

zu    =   zu

 
ta     ta  
   chi   chi  
tsu   tsu  
te   te  
         to     to  

 

ta    =   ta

In handwriting, Hiragana tsu , similar to Katakana fu , therefore, pronounce accordance with WHICH form;
 

so , and tsu strokes' direction are common up to down;

to    =   to

te    =   te

 
when practicing writing characters, practice 1 stroke te only;
In handwriting, te might be written as te

da   da  
ji   ji  
dzu   dzu  
de   de  
do   do  

de    =   de

 

dzu      =   zu  

dzu      =   zu  

 
na   na 
ni      ni  
nu   nu 
ne   ne 
no   no 

na    =    na

na    =   na

In handwriting, Katakana ni , similar to Hiragana ko , therefore, pronounce accordance with WHICH form;

ni    =   ni

 
In grammar, noun + no , similar to noun 's
 

ba   ba  
bi   bi  
bu   bu  
be   be  
bo   bo  

 
pa   pa  
pi   pi  
pu   pu  
pe   pe  
po   po  
 
ha     

wa  

ha 
hi     hi  
fu   fu  
he       

e  

he 
ho   ho 

also see: wa

In dialog, wa OR ga is interchangeable;
 

 

fu    =   fu    =   fu

3 strokes fu is common; above 4 strokes fu is uncommon; Therefore, when practicing writing characters, practice 3 strokes fu only;

 

 

 

 

ho    =   ho
 
ma  

ma  
mi   mi   
mu   mu  
me   me  
mo   mo  
In handwriting, mi might be look alike four;  

mu    =   mu

mo    =   mo

  me = me
 
ya     ya 
yu   yu 
yo   yo 
ra   ra 
ri   ri  
ru   ru 
re     re 
ro  ro 
ya    =   ya

ya    =   ya

yu    =   yu

yu    =   yu

In handwriting, Hiragana u , similar to Katakana ra , therefore, pronounce accordance with WHICH form;

In handwriting, Hiragana shi , similar to Katakana re , therefore, pronounce accordance with WHICH form;

ra    =   ra  
ri    =   ri
   =  
 
wa  

wa  
o   o  
n   n  
wa    =   wa wa = wa
also see: wa , 3 strokes wa;  
  n = n
  IFF incorrect stroke direction, n   might be similar to so  , in handwriting;

  In handwriting, o might be look alike o
shi alike, exceptional stroke direction n
also see: o
va  
vi  
vu  
ve  
vo  
di  
du  
 
kya kya
kyu kyu
kyo kyo
 
sha sha
shu shu
sho sho
 
cha cha
chu chu
cho cho
 
nya nya
nyu nyu
nyo nyo
 
hya hya
hyu hyu
hyo hyo
 
mya mya
myu myu
myo myo
 
rya rya
ryu ryu
ryo ryo
 
gya gya
gyu gyu
gyo gyo
 
ja ja
ju ju
jo jo
 
bya bya
byu byu
byo byo
 
pya pya
pyu pyu
pyo pyo
 
 
Special character is used, tone mark of character, at vertical top level and right side of the character;
Special character is used, at vertical middle level, like punctuation comma, and semi-column;
Special character is used, at horizontal base level, for ending of sentence and question;

After reading this page, Nippon Syllabary should be read; Some characters might be uncommon to native writers because different style of writing ... ; 

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